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A National Emergency is coming? Prepare prayer for protection & Mezuzahs!

Emergency Information Today's Weather Reports-- Dangerous Places-- Walmart Stores Death Threats

  

Goal: Keeping my family safe and alive

What to have during a national emergency besides a gun and ammunition? First plan a place for family to gather themselves together and establish a chain of command. Plan your survival if you have time.You may want to add a passport, insurance papers,and identification for each family member, keeping medical data near, gardening, religious and good reading books to this supply list. Hand tools (a saw), gardening tools, extra laundry detergent, washboard, etc, etc.
Emergency Items That Disappear First

1. Generators (Good ones can be expensive. It can be a target for thieves due to the noise)
2. Water
3. Water Filters/Purifiers
4. Portable Toilet
5. Seasoned Firewood. Wood takes about 6-12 months to be ready for home use.
6. Lamp Oil, Wicks, Lamps (Buy clear oil. If scare, stockpile)
7. Coleman Fuel
8. Charcoal and Lighter fluid
9. Family Protection (guns, ammunition, pepper spray, knives)
10. Cooking utensils (hand can opener, whisk, etc)
11. Honey/sugar/syrups
12. Rice/beans/ wheat
13. Vegetable oil (for cooking)
14. Water containers (get more than one and in different sizes)
15. Propane Heaters and all accessories that go with it (extra propane, heads, etc)
16. Fishing accessories (line, hooks, bobbies, etc)
17. Lighting sources – short term and long term (flashlights, hurricane lamps, etc)
18. Batteries
19. Basin to do laundry in/wash boards, etc
20. Cook stoves
21. Vitamins
22. Thermal underwear (top and bottoms)
23. Tools (bow saw, axes, hatchets, wedges (honing oil)
24. Aluminum Foil
25. Propane Cylinder Handle-Holder (Urgent: Small canister use is dangerous without this item)
26. Feminine Hygiene/Haircare/Skin products.
27. Aluminum Foil Reg. & Heavy Duty (Great Cooking and Barter Item)
28. Gasoline containers
29. Garbage bags
30. Toilet paper, paper towels, hygiene items
31. Milk (canned, powdered and infant formula)
32. Work gloves, Work boots, Work Clothes
33. Seeds (non-hybrid)
34. Clothes pins/line/hangers
35. Coleman’s Pump Repair Kit
36. Canned Goods
37. Fire Extinguishers or Baking Soda
38. First Aid Kits (with Iodine)
39. Batteries (all sizes)
40. Spices, Vinegar and Baking Supplies, Yeast, Salt
41. Dog Food
42. Matches
43. Notebooks, pencils
44. Ice chests
45. Flash lights, torches, light sticks
46. Plastic Containers
47. Cast iron cookware
48. Fishing Supplies
49. Repellent sprays, creams
50. Duct Tape
51. Garbage cans Plastic (great for storage, water, transporting if with wheels)
52. Men's Hygiene: Shampoo, Toothbrush/paste, Mouthwash/floss, nail clippers, etc
53. Shaving supplies (razors & creams, talc, after shave)
54. Cast iron cookware (sturdy, efficient)
55. Fishing supplies/tools
56. Mosquito coils/repellent, sprays/creams
57. Duct Tape Tarps/stakes/twine/nails/rope/spikes
58. Candles
59. Laundry Detergent (liquid)
60. Backpacks, Duffel Bags
61. Garden tools & supplies
62. Scissors, fabrics & sewing supplies
63. Canned Fruits, Veggies, Soups, stews, etc.
64. Bleach (plain, NOT scented: 4 to 6% sodium hypochlorite)
65. Canning supplies, (Jars/lids/wax)
66. Knives & Sharpening tools: files, stones, steel
67. Bicycles…Tires/tubes/pumps/chains, etc
68. Sleeping Bags & blankets/pillows/mats
69. Carbon Monoxide Alarm (battery powered)
70. d-con Rat poison, MOUSE PRUFE II, Roach Killer
71. Mousetraps, Ant traps & cockroach magnets
72. Paper plates/cups/utensils (stock up, folks)
73. Baby wipes, oils, waterless & Antibacterial soap (saves a lot of water)
74. Rain gear, rubberized boots, etc.
75. Hand pumps & siphons (for water and for fuels)
76. Soy sauce, vinegar, bullions/gravy/soup base
77. Reading glasses
78. Chocolate/Cocoa/Tang/Punch (water enhancers)
79. Survival-in-a-Can
80. Woolen clothing, scarves/ear-muffs/mittens
81. Boy Scout Handbook, / also Leaders Catalog
82. Roll-on Window Insulation Kit (MANCO)
83. Graham crackers, saltines, pretzels, Trail mix/Jerky
84. Popcorn, Peanut Butter, Nuts
85. Socks, Underwear, T-shirts, etc. (extras)
86. Lumber (all types)
87. Wagons & carts (for transport to and from)
88. Cots & Inflatable mattress’s
89. Gloves: Work/warming/gardening, etc.
90. Lantern Hangers
91. Screen Patches, glue, nails, screws,, nuts & bolts
92. Teas
93. Coffee
94. Cigarettes
95. Wine/Liquors (for bribes, medicinal, etc,)
96. Paraffin wax
97. Glue, nails, nuts, bolts, screws, etc.
98. Atomizers (for cooling/bathing)
99. Hats & cotton neckerchief
100. Goats/chickens 

  

EarthQuakes & Bad Weather

Tuesday & Wednesday 1/28-29/2020

Worldwide Earthquakes 50 (USGS.com) 22 Major Quakes


The Americas —The Cayman Islands 4.7, 4.4, 4.4, 4.9, 6.1, 4.9, 4.1

Alaska 8 2.5-5.3

Jamaica 4.7, Chile 5.5

Venezuela 4.8

17 or more Earthquakes 5 days in a row and today Puerto Rico over 24 more today—2.7-3.1, —How many Earthquakes can the Island take without breaking into pieces? How many tremors has this Island each day/ every hour and minute?

Japan 5.5

Indonesia 5.1, 4.6

Turkey 5.1

Iraq 4.8


Tremors -- 

Volcanoes-

Solar Flares (EMP"s -electromagnetic Pulses heading towards the Earth) none, no lever C, M, or X (unusually low levels of activity of the sun)

From the sun—geomagnetic solar wind reacting with Earths Magnetic Field changing areas where snow was to other places and providing 90 degree + heat—and cold now to Friday on the way with a 40 degree shift in all areas of the USA. Geomagnetic Level 3 for 2 more days at least

Geomagnetic Storm Levels

G1-minor storm (level G1)

G2-moderate storm (level G2)

G3-strong storm (level G3)

G4-severe storm (level G4)

G5-extreme storm (level G5)    


  

On January 28, 2020, a magnitude 7.7 earthquake struck in the Caribbean Sea, roughly equidistant from the coasts of Jamaica, Cuba and the Cayman Islands. Seismic instruments immediately detected the earthquake that originated at a depth of about 6.2 miles (10 km).

The U.S. Geological Survey continues to monitor the seismic activity in the region. The earthquake is a strike-slip event consistent with it occurring along the Oriente Fault. Aftershocks, which are already occurring, are normal and expected.

Despite the large size of the earthquake, the fact that it occurred offshore and away from high population areas lessened its societal impact. USGS estimates moderate shaking occurred on parts of Cuba and Jamaica, the two islands closest to the epicenter, and light to weak shaking across other parts of these islands. Light shaking was also reported from some parts of the Florida mainland.

USGS scientists report that this earthquake confirms what is already known about this part of the world: large earthquakes can and do happen in the Caribbean region. Given what we know about earthquake behavior, and given the distance between the magnitude 7.7 quake and the activity occurring in southwestern Puerto Rico, it is unlikely there is any relationship between these two seismic events. Typically, a M 6.4 event (the largest in the Puerto Rico sequence) will only influence activity within a few tens of kilometers or miles around itself. Nor do USGS earthquake experts expect the M7.7 earthquake to change the behavior of the earthquake sequence in Southwestern Puerto Rico. The distance between the earthquakes in southwestern Puerto Rico and today’s M 7.7 is approximately 1,250 kilometers or nearly 800 miles.

Five other earthquakes of M 6 or larger have occurred within 248 miles (400 km) of the January 28, 2020, event over the past half-century. They include a M 6.8 earthquake in December 2004, 174 miles (280 km) west of today’s earthquake, and a M 6.2 event in May 1992, almost 62 miles (100 km) east of today’s quake. None of these earthquakes are known to have resulted in shaking-related damage or fatalities, likely because of their location away from land and major population centers.

A USGS map of Caribbean tectonics is available here:  https://www.usgs.gov/media/images/map-north-american-caribbean-tectonic-plate-boundary   1mb2N_g��"


    

Learn More

Be resourceful and never panic! Have an emergency Bugout bag for each member of your family! With a change of clothing, shoes (perferably boots 2 pair), water & purification pills, full tank of gas, medicines, soap & towels, flash light and something to eat lasting two or three days.

GEOMAGNETIC STORMS
A geomagnetic storm is a major disturbance of Earth's magnetosphere.

The Emergency Frequency for America (click photo)

Emergency Weather & Earthquake Information

Emergency Information

What to do during a National Emergency!

A.  In accordance to scripture of the Holy Bible given to Moses, During an extreme National Emergency the Righteous of Black America and other groups, the ancestors of ancient Israel may be spared before and during the return of our Messiah—This communications for our safety has been established for our survival during a crisis we may not have been prepared for. Please be responsible for your own safety and for those you love. Please start preparing for a national emergency.

B. Goal: Keeping my family safe and alive

1. Food with a lengthy shelf life

2. Water purification supply

3. Survival Plans

4. Survival food storage guide--what to store--the best containers

5. Off Grid Power plants    


  

The Weather USA: To be determined

  
...LONG DURATION WINTER WEATHER EVENT SETTING THE  HOLIDAY PERIOD...
After the high winds end Tuesday, a very unsettled period of winter weather will likely impact travel plans Wednesday ahead of Thanksgiving and lasting through Friday night. A mix of rain, snow, and sleet will be possible through portions of eastern New Mexico Wednesday afternoon, transitioning to all snow Wednesday night into Thursday. Higher amounts of snow will focus over the western and northern high terrain  The potential for a mix of rain, snow, or sleet  as well as snow elsewhere will likely create hazardous travel throughout northern and central New Mexico. 

  

Today's Earthquake and Volcano Report!

  

The Weather USA Monday / Friday  12/16-20 /2019

Worldwide Equakes 82-97 so far (USGS.com) (not good, is something building?) America’s news media ignoring all these constant earthquakes and tremors

Indonesia (We predicted it 10 days ago and after 5 days it’s still going on)

May Yah help them, Today there are multiple series of Earthquakes 5.1 - 4.6 and nothing ongoing

In the Americas: Shifting back to poor (where ignored tremors and earthquakes as many as Ridgecrest had 3 during the last 24hrs and the USGS did not report them. and the pressure building up to be transferred south to California which is next on the Ring of Fire? We are looking for earthquakes in California at Ridgecrest in the 5.0 range—beware and prepare Cali. And it’s too quiet today on the earthquake and volcano front. Remember all that happened last week and the week before—it’s too quiet now!

Puerto Rico 19 2.8-3.9

 Alaska 12 6.3-3.4

Anchorage 2.8 this morning

Allakaket 4.6, 2.9, 2.5, 

Kobut 2.8, 2.7, 

Nikiski 3.0

Anchorage 4.0

Is the Magma of Deep and lower Yellowstone the cause of fires in Southern California (people don’t know that Yellowstone has a deeper section that is expanded to Vancover Canada down to Mexico and as far east as Denver CO.)

Earthquakes daily then anywhere in the world except for Ridgecrest with its tremors —2.5-3.6, —How many Earthquakes can the Island take without breaking into pieces and for how long? How many tremors has this Island each day/hour and minute 

California 5 from 2.7-4.1,

Encinitas 3.1 

Kettleman City 3.3

Ridgecrest over 100,000 tremors that separate the fault, 


Volcanoes-

Solar Flares (EMP"s -electromagnetic Pulses heading towards the Earth) none, no levels C, M, or X (unusually low levels of activity of the sun)

From the sun—Level G1 with no geomagnetic solar wind spikes reacting with Earths Magnetic Field –

see the Sun Today https://tessis.lebedev.ru>sun

Geomagnetic Storm Levels

G1-minor storm (level G1), G2-moderate storm (level G2), G3-strong storm (level G3), G4-severe storm (level G4), G5-extreme storm (level G5) 

To be determinedLearn More

Read our emergency  section on what to do during a national emergency! This communications for our safety has been established for our survival during a crisis we may not have been prepared for. Please be responsible for your own safety and for those you love. Please start preparing for a national emergency. (Click Find out more)

The Fire in Australia--The Real Causes

What we have been told and we search for Data--email me at penwit1@pen-wit.com

  

26 December 2019, 13:00 MSK

Third and the last of this year solar eclipse has passed on Earth

solar eclipseThe solar eclipse – visual art.
 

Third and the last solar eclipse of this year has occurred today on 26 December 2019. At about 9 o’clock in the morning MSK, a solar shadow had passed almost alongside the Earth’s equator, over the numerous archipelagos of Indonesia, including the largest archipelago’s islands — Sumatra and Kalimantan. The eclipse half-shadow (much wider area where the Sun does not seem to be fully obscured but only partially), with its lower part, crossed over Australia, and upper part, over the south of the Eurasian continent, including but very slightly, the territory of the Russian Federation.

Since the eclipse is of a ring shape it almost didn’t attract the attention of the scientists. The shape means that the Moon covering the Sun is in the further part of its orbit and has a smaller visible size than usual. For this reason, it cannot cover the Sun fully and, even at the maximum phase of the eclipse, there is a remaining luminous rim of the Sun around the Moon - a ring. The brightness of this rim is enough to block corona's radiation - the outer extended part of the solar atmosphere, for which observation the astronomers travel to scientific expeditions. Nevertheless, for the astronomical photography fans such a spectacular event is no less effective than the total eclipse. There is no doubt that in the coming days a lot of pictures will appear in forums and sites which, as already mentioned, were taken mainly over the territory of Indonesia.

There are 2 solar eclipses expected in the next year 2020. First one will take place on 21 June 2020, which will also be a ring-shaped eclipse and second one, on 14 December 2020. This should be a full eclipse. In total, there are at least 2 and no more than 4 eclipses in a year. It is extremely rare to observe five eclipses in one year though. The first in this case will be already occurring in the first days of the coming year and the last, at the very end of December. The path of the ring-shaped eclipse in 2020 will cross over China and Mongolia, it will be possible to observe the sun penumbra in significant parts of Russia though. The path of the full eclipse in 2020 will cross near the lowest point of South America. It won't be possible to observe it on the territory of the Russian Federation.

  

Anti-flares on the SunSolar anti-flares on the flares activity graph. 

Not very rare, and not less incomprehensible from it either – the appearance of ‘negative’ spikes of solar flares on the graphs are registered on the incoming data from space. This kind of dips on the images come out regularly, every year: in spring (March) and in autumn (September). However, often, they go unnoticed amid strong variations which are typical for solar flares’ graphs. These minor and short-term radiation dips simply do not get noticed sometimes. But, the same cannot be said about the incoming data, nowadays. Since amid extremely low solar activity the flares’ graphs are ‘degenerated’ into the almost straight lines, which is impossible, against this background, for occurring "anti-flares" to stay unnoticed.

The dips in radiation are not related to real solar activity in any way, but, do originate from the traits of the orbit of the GOES satellite which takes corresponding observations of the Sun. These observations are almost uninterrupted and what is happening now, is what is forcing to use the word ‘almost’. The matter of fact is that twice a year the device takes a position in the orbit where the line of its ‘sight’ to the Sun is covered by the Earth. This peculiarity is shared by all satellites located in the orbit named the geostationary orbit, where the devices rotate at the same speed as the Earth that is a period of 24 hours. Mainly, these are communication and meteorological satellites, for which is especially important that their rotation period is synchronized with the period of revolution of the planet. There are also two solar satellites amongst them, namely the GOES satellite (more precisely, several GOES satellites as it is a group of devices) and the SDO satellite, the one which provides the images of the Sun. The respective periods are called the Eclipse seasons. The schedule of these periods can be calculated theoretically; these, in particular, are published on the website of the GOES group of satellites - ospo.noaa.gov/Operations/GOES/eclipse.html. It is not difficult to understand that at the moment when the Earth is starting to cover the satellite from the sun, the signal from the Sun gradually decreases, and in the case where the Sun is fully obscured, till its complete disappearance. When the sun gradually leaves the earth ‘shadow’, the radiation is starting to rise until it has restored to its original value. That is how the ‘anti-flare’ occurring on the Sun.

According to the description provided on the GOES website, the eclipses for the GOES-R series of active space apparatuses are observed in average for 45 minutes before and 45 minutes after the local midday and start at about 45 days before and 45 days after the points of the equinox falling on 20-21 March (vernal equinox) and on 22-23 September (autumnal equinox). The actual schedule may significantly vary from the average. Such in this year, the first noticeable autumn dip was registered on the solar flares’ graphs on 2 September. Considering that the eclipse season should be symmetrical with respect to the equinox, its ‘anti-flares’ maximum will be reached on 23 September this year, and then their intensity will start to decrease. The last day of the season, when the dip will be still visible on the charts, will be on 13-14 October.

Since the satellite SDO is also located on the same orbit and is currently providing images of the Sun published on the website, the eclipses of the Sun by the Earth can be also periodically observed on the images of the Sun.

On 11 November a fire started in the Ravensbourne area near Toowoomba, which burnt through over 20,000 hectares (49,000 acres) of bush across several days, destroying six houses.

Burned area: 3,700,000 hectares (9,142,899 a...

Date(s): August 2019 – Current

Buildings destroyed: > 2,500

The government has blamed a lightning storm for sparking nearly 200 wildfires earlier this week. But conditions were exacerbated by other unusual weather, including extreme winds, heat and drought. Jan 3, 2020

The fires were started by lightning

The government has blamed a lightning storm for sparking nearly 200 wildfires earlier this week.

But conditions were exacerbated by other unusual weather, including extreme winds, heat and drought.

Temperatures in Australia have been high, even for the summer, soaring above 100 degrees in some parts of the country over the weekend, just days before Australia recorded its hottest year on record.

Intense winds have not only helped the fires spread, they have led to loss of life. In New South Wales, a fire engine was flipped over by high winds, killing a 28-year-old volunteer firefighter.

A severe drought has also played a key role. Last year was the country's driest ever.

Experts say climate change is a factor

Experts say climate change has exacerbated the fires.

“Australians need only wake up in the morning, turn on the television, read the newspaper or look out the window to see what is increasingly obvious to many – for Australia, dangerous climate change is already here,” Penn State University professor Michael Mann wrote in The Guardian this week.

His comments follow a 2018 government report saying Australia's changing climate could result in natural hazards occurring at an “unimagined scale.”

The following year, a United Nations report said Australia was one of the developed countries most susceptible to climate change.

More recently, former New South Wales Fire and Rescue Commissioner Greg Mullins wrote in a November opinion piece for the Sydney Morning Herald that the blazes were “burning in places and at intensities never before experienced.” He blamed “an established long-term trend driven by a warming, drying climate." 

In an interview with The Hill, Stanford University climate professor Noah Diffenbaugh said the high temperatures are drying out vegetation, increasing the risk of wildfires.

“The long-term warming has increased the frequency and severity of severe heat across the world," he said. "When low precipitation conditions do occur, they’re more likely to co-occur with high temperature and that combination ... elevates wildfire risk. And that is exactly what we’re seeing in Australia right now.”

University of California, Los Angeles geography professor Glen MacDonald added that higher temperatures also contribute to a longer fire season.

"Particularly in Southeastern Australia, that's definitely been part of it," he told The Hill.
 

The death toll is rising

People have been killed, gone missing or been displaced because of the fires.

In this week alone, at least seven people have been reported dead, and two were reported missing, in New South Wales. In Victoria, one person died.

This season, at least 1,298 homes have been destroyed, according to the New South Wales Rural Fire Service.

Thousands of people have been evacuated from the most affected areas, while tens of thousands elsewhere were left without power.

In the coastal town of Mallacoota, some 4,000 people headed to the beach to escape the fire, only to be stranded on the shoreline after being cut off by the blaze. The government has since sent a Navy ship to carry people out in batches of about 800 at a time.

 The fires show the potential to wipe out species

Australia's koala population has been one of the hardest hit by the fires, with government officials estimating 30 percent may have died in the blazes.

"Up to 30 percent of the koalas in the region may have been killed, because up to 30 percent of their habitat has been destroyed," Australia's Federal Environment Minister Sussan Ley told the Australian Broadcasting Corp. last week.

But it’s not just koalas that face a serious threat. Researchers from the University of Sydney estimated some 480 million animals in New South Wales face death or displacement because of the fires.

The fires show threatened and endangered species are increasingly vulnerable to natural disasters that threaten to erase entire species.

The Puerto Rican parrot population has been hit hard by several record-breaking hurricanes, most recently Hurricane Maria in 2017. Scientists worry rising sea levels could harm oysters and mussels that rely on water that isn’t too highly salinic.

Koalas are already facing habitat destruction from growing urban areas, but the massive fires have wiped out even more territory. Experts say restoring that habitat will be key to giving the species a chance to rebound.

“Habitat protection is not just drawing a line around the minimal habitat needed for the species but making sure they can grow into areas that are protected,” said Sarah Uhlemann, international program director at the Center for Biological Diversity. “These fires are just an ongoing example of what fires can do not only to people but the wildlife we care about.”

 Calls for stronger government response put spotlight on coal industry

How to tackle this blaze and future ones has taken a decidedly political tone in Australia, with some calling for more action from government leaders.

One area of tension has been Australia’s reliance on coal, an industry that employs tens of thousands of people.

Prime Minister Scott Morrison last month rejected calls to impose new restrictions on the coal industry, saying, “What we won't do is engage in reckless and job-destroying and economy-crunching target.”

Richard Di Natale, who heads the Australian Greens political party,accused Morrison of “failing in his basic duty to keep our citizens safe from harm through his inadequate response to these fires and his refusal to accept that burning climate changing fossil fuels would lead to more frequent and intense bushfires.”

He also called on Morrison to “declare a Royal Commission into the bushfire crisis.”

In November, Deputy Prime Minister Michael McCormack called Di Natale and others “inner-city raving lunatics.”

Morrison, who heads Australia’s Liberal Party, was heckled this weekwhen visiting a town affected by the fires.

"How come we only had four trucks to defend our town? Because our town doesn't have a lot of money but we have hearts of gold, prime minister,” one woman reportedly said.

There have also been calls to redirect funds toward fighting the fire. A petition that garnered nearly 300,000 signatures called for money spent on New Year's Eve fireworks to instead go toward combating the fires.

"We need to fundamentally re-think how we prepared for, finance, and respond to disasters like this," Nicholas Aberle, the campaigns manager for Environment Victoria, said in an email to The Hill. "The existing approaches are no longer adequate to deal with the scale of bushfires Australia now faces, nor the increasing scale of fires we will face in future. For example, it is hard to rely on shared equipment across states when every state is on fire simultaneously."

Aberle added that the country's government "has been brought kicking and screaming to engage with the fires in any meaningful way, because they know that climate change is making bushfires worse, and they know in their heart of hearts that Australia is woefully behind the pack when it comes to cutting emissions."


Articles – Good topics for articles include anything related to your company – recent changes to operations, the latest company softball game – or the industry you’re in. General business trends (think national and even international) are great article fodder, too.


Mission statements – You can tell a lot about a company by its mission statement. Don’t have one? Now might be a good time to create one and post it here. A good mission statement tells you what drives a company to do what it does.


Company policies – Are there company policies that are particularly important to your business? Perhaps your unlimited paternity/maternity leave policy has endeared you to employees across the company. This is a good place to talk about that.


Executive profiles – A company is only as strong as its executive leadership. This is a good place to show off who’s occupying the corner offices. Write a nice bio about each executive that includes what they do, how long they’ve been at it, and what got them to where they are.

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Puerto Rico and recent 7.7 Earthquake

Scientists Predict Puerto Rico will have these Earthquakes for years

  

In a new report released today January 30, 2020, USGS experts estimated that aftershocks from the magnitude 6.4 Jan. 7, 2020, earthquake will persist for years to decades, although with decreasing frequency. Additionally, earthquakes will likely be felt on a daily basis for several more months.

The forecasts found in this report can be used to guide public policy decisions or other actions.

The report forecasts aftershock duration potential for up to ten years after the magnitude 6.4 mainshock in southwestern Puerto Rico. This sequence is very active, and the probabilities of magnitude 5 and 6 or greater aftershocks remain high now and into the future. More detailed findings are in bullets below.

Puerto Rico lies in a tectonically active region where earthquakes have occurred for centuries, but because the country has not experienced a quake of this level of impact since 1918, the recent quakes, their aftershocks, and resulting damage took many islanders by surprise. About 7,500 people have left their homes for other kinds of shelter, including, in some cases, cars and tents.

“Puerto Rico’s recent large earthquake and its aftershocks were destructive and unsettling to people on the island,” said USGS Director Jim Reilly. “USGS and our partners at the Puerto Rico Seismic Network began deploying additional seismic stations shortly after the mainshock. We will continue to work diligently to provide timely earthquake information -- such as this aftershock duration report -- to help support and protect the local communities of our nation.”

The study results do not imply a change in the risk of earthquakes in other parts of Puerto Rico. The results in this report are based on the current behavior (as of January 17, 2020) of this aftershock sequence and may need to be modified if that behavior changes, including if a larger earthquake occurs.

Key findings of the report include:

  • People in the area affected by the aftershocks may feel      shaking from magnitude 3 aftershocks on a daily basis for the next 2 to 6      months. The rate of aftershocks is expected to decline, but they may still      feel such shaking on a weekly basis for between 1.5 years and a decade.
  • The annual chance of having one or more magnitude 5 or      greater aftershock will remain above  25 percent for up to a decade      or more.
  • The annual chance of a magnitude 6 or greater      aftershock will remain above 25 percent for 3 months to 3 years.
  • Within the next year, there is a 20-30 percent chance      of an aftershock as large as the mainshock or larger.
  • Within the next year, there is a 5-10 percent chance of      a magnitude 7 or greater earthquake.
  • Future aftershocks are likely to be located where      aftershocks have already been occurring -- within about 30 kilometers      (about 20 miles) of the epicenter of the magnitude 6.4 mainshock.
  • The aftershocks discussed in this report would be      located in the same general area as the aftershocks that have already      occurred. Our results do not imply a change in the risk of earthquakes in      other parts of Puerto Rico.
  • Changes in the behavior of the aftershock sequence,      including the occurrence of a new large aftershock, could require new      estimates.

USGS estimated aftershocks from the 6.4 Jan. 7, 2020, earthquake will persist for years to decades,

 Additionally, earthquakes will likely be felt on a daily basis for several more months.